WAYNE — The dreary light of a February morning paints his face in the floor-to-ceiling windows. He gazes out at the small town’s scorched-cement sidewalks and plain red-brick storefronts. But that’s not what he sees.
Instead, Lukas Rix visualizes bed and breakfasts, pop-up boutiques and furnished apartments with a hillside view of downtown Wayne, a community of 5,000 nestled between miles of corn and soybeans in Nebraska’s northeast corner, a place best known for its annual Chicken Show.
The 29-year-old and his business partner, Mark Kanitz, 31, have opened four businesses here in the last six years, drawing shoppers from miles away and helping jump-start a once-faltering downtown economy.
Rix stands in one of those ventures now: the original Wayne City Hall, built in 1912 and renovated to sell “rural hipster” decor. The others, a coffee shop, antique store and thrift store, are nearby. On good days, he estimates they draw enough traffic to comprise nearly one-fifth the town’s population.
But life in Wayne also comes with a stark footnote for the two entrepreneurs.
It comes in the form of a stinging slur that walks through their doors in broad daylight or stands under a dim streetlamp outside a local bar. It’s the feeling that people look at them differently or expect something momentous. The tension they feel every time someone asks what they are.
“We’re not (seen as) the gay power couple of Wayne, Nebraska, like we should be,” Rix says.
Despite establishing award-winning businesses in less time than it takes most kids to learn to read, Rix and Kanitz still endure the ignorant comments and token treatment that comes with being openly gay in small-town Nebraska.
Some, like Tanner Shopke, who knows firsthand how hard it is to grow up gay in Wayne, was shocked when he heard they wanted to open a business here in 2012.
“Everyone was like, ‘Did you hear about the gay couple?’” remembered the 24-year-old, now one of their employees. “It was just like, ‘Wait — there’s gay people here? In small-town Wayne?’ Like, why would they come here of all places?”
But they’re still here six years later, gutting, plastering and painting future businesses, fighting for a downtown farmers market — Rix uses five “reallys” to describe how badly he wants it — and not letting up.
But it’s not just about business. It’s also about giving back. They’ve offered tours of their home for fundraisers, served on local boards and shepherded young entrepreneurs, in addition to employing 14 full- and part-time staff. In January, they received the local Business of the Year award.
And while they see the irony of putting so much into a place where they feel so different, the answer to “Why Wayne?” is bigger than that.
It’s part of the same spirit that carried covered wagons through snowdrifts and scorching heat more than a century ago. The homesteaders who overcame adversity because they saw possibility in the plains. And although neither Rix nor Kanitz can till a field or drive a tractor, they feel one with that lineage.
“These were genius people who could see things before they even existed, and that’s what an entrepreneur is,” Rix said. “You find a market that nobody else sees.”
* * *
When he was still in elementary school, Rix grabbed a pair of scissors and walked around his hometown of Lyons, a community of 800 people 30 miles southeast of Wayne, cutting flowers out of gardens and selling them back in vases.
“Do you know what Lukas has been doing?” he remembers his aunt asking his mother when she learned of his first business plan.
Wes Blecke, Wayne’s city administrator, remembers meeting him in August 2008 during a business fair at Wayne State College, where Rix was a student, studying business and marketing. As large retailers and online marketers forced many businesses in Wayne to shut their doors, Blecke wanted to hear ideas to reverse the trend.
“I remember vividly that Lukas Rix came up to the table, pounded his fists and said, ‘What this town needs is a consignment store,’” Blecke said.
Stores like that had come and gone, he thought. It won’t work here.
In 2012, Rustic Treasures and its aisles of homey furniture and eccentric thrift items opened in downtown Wayne. Soon it moved across the street to a larger location with a coffee shop next door. In 2016, Rix and Kanitz relocated the thrift section to a new home, Thrift Warehouse. In 2017, they opened the 1912 Emporium, an explosion of greenery against “farmhouse industrial” decor that feels like the set of an HGTV show.
“He had it figured out way before any of us did,” said Blecke, now Rix's mentor.
Along the way, others were swept up in this new vision for Wayne. Josie Broders quit her job as a human resources employee to design a 15,000-square-foot event center that will open in April and is a mix of an opulent cathedral and exposed-beam barn. Greg Ptacek quit his job and liquidated his 401(k) to start a craft brewery here after seeing his college friend Rix's success.
“It’s been kind of a catalyst for a lot of other opportunity,” said Luke Virgil, executive director of Wayne Area Economic Development. “Several different people can see the possibility, but someone has to jump off the cliff first to know that there is something down below.”
But although Rix's risk-taking, “entrepreneur-on-steroids” personality is an advantage in business, Blecke said it needs a calming counterbalance.
Kanitz grew up in Wayne in a Lutheran family with a pastor father. He studied parish music at Concordia University in Seward and later become a part-time church music director.
He met Rix online in 2010 while living in Grand Island. For their first date in Wayne, Kanitz expected dinner or a movie at Rix's place. He got a paintbrush instead.
“I said, ‘By the way, the front (of the house) has to be done by the weekend, so we have to get going on this,’” Rix said.
That brazenness still wins Kanitz over.
Since then, they’ve spent summer nights gutting century-old buildings, chiseling varnish off the stairs of a Victorian-era home and putting sweat and grit into everything they do. But at the end of the day, they crave silence in their home — drawn blinds, a comfy couch, their favorite movie or TV show.
There they don’t have to guard against showing affection, worried about what someone might think. There they feel free of the gawkers who want to champion them but see their sexuality before their humanity.
There, they’re just Lukas and Mark.
* * *
The couple stepped out of the bar’s back door late on a summer night in 2017. Thick, warm air enveloped them as they ambled home, guided by streetlights, holding hands.
“What are you guys? Faggots?”
When they turned around, they saw a man who looked college-aged and drunk. Kanitz talked Rix out of starting a fight, but he still wanted to show the man how it felt to feel small. So he berated him into climbing into the trash, literally.
“I convinced him to get in the dumpster,” Rix said. “I said, 'This is where you belong. If you’re going to use words like that, this is where you belong.'”
In 2015, the couple received an anonymous letter. Including their lifestyle in the Wayne Historical Society’s Tour of Homes had ruined the annual event, it read.
A year later, a newsletter from a neighboring coffee shop drew derision online with its advertisement of coffee for “REAL MEN.”
“Reproduction Potential: Must marry a lady with similar ideals; because the liberals don’t like reproduction, marriage, babies or kids, and are not willing to share the earth’s ozone layer with others,” read the description for a “right-winger” blend.
Melodee Younts, the owner of the building that houses Miss Molly’s Coffee House and Country Store, said the anger was misplaced. The company values diversity and participates in charity work, she said. It doesn't discriminate. It had been selling the blend for a year-and-a-half before the description — clearly labeled as tongue-in-cheek humor — took off online.
“Because it’s all labeled as being funny we saw it as being like a Hallmark card,” she said, referencing that company’s blunt humor on some select greeting cards.
Even the men's wedding was complicated. After the Supreme Court's ruling on marriage equality in the summer of 2015, acquaintances expected invitations, their church wanted to invite the entire congregation, friends wanted to invite state senators.
Although they loved the idea of a big wedding, it wasn’t right. Too much spectacle.
So, instead, on Dec. 11, 2015, they worked until 6 p.m., headed to church and 20 minutes later, were married in front of a handful of family and close friends. Kanitz saw cellphones out, but if pictures exist, he hasn’t seen them.
“As much as we live our life in full openness, there’s also certain areas we have to hold on to,” he said.
For them, those are the compromises of living where they do, but it’s not unfamiliar territory.
Neither came out until his junior year of college. When Rix finally said the words, he cried for two hours. It was as if a crushing weight was off his shoulders. A professor at Concordia opened his eyes: Despite a religious upbringing, Kanitz didn’t have to be ashamed.
But he didn’t receive unequivocal acceptance, and the topic remained tense years later when he and Rix got engaged.
“You can imagine what it was like telling your conservative, Lutheran pastor father you’re marrying a man,” Kanitz said.
The conversation amounted to, “You know, I’m happy for you, but you know my thoughts on this.” It was the last time they spoke before his father died of a heart attack a month later.
Kanitz doesn’t live with unresolved feelings, though. Even after he came out, his dad never stopped giving him the same big hugs he got growing up.
Rix has never talked specifically about his sexuality with his dad, although his father was at the wedding.
But those things aren’t important to Rix. Living authentically is.
“It’s probably an ego thing for me, but I don’t ask permission for anything,” he said. “I just do it.”
That brings its own challenges in towns like Wayne, which they believe needs at least another generation to break down existing barriers. But others already see progress they never thought possible.
Shopke once felt isolated because of his sexuality. Now he sees kids more open about who they are. Part of that is the shifting social atmosphere, he said, but it also has to do with seeing people like him succeed and make a home here.
“That definitely opens up my world views,” he said. “Anything’s possible, really.”
* * *
Tonight there’s a chill in the February air. A snowstorm is expected early in the morning, so the town is quiet. But Rix and Kanitz are warm inside their home: curtains drawn, on the couch, illuminated by the soft light of an overhead lamp.
Outside, their talk is consumed with expanding business, increasing revenue and convincing more local stores to open on Sundays.
Inside it’s different.
Kanitz points to where he could imagine their kids playing with Legos. Rix proudly recites the history of their Victorian home. Built in 1893 by the owner of a local brickyard, it had seen many generations before they bought it in 2013 and spent countless hours over two years stripping and chiseling it toward restoration.
They’re giving it up to downsize, though, and both say they’re not sad to leave it behind. It’s a hard thing to imagine, given the work that went into it, but not if you know their mission in business and life.
“You don’t just think for yourself,” Rix said. “You think for the community.”
As in boosting small-town business. Propping up other young entrepreneurs. Restoring historic buildings so new generations can look on them with pride.
It’s who they are — a fundamental tenet that explains not only them, but also this town and the people who founded it.
It’s why a story like that of Lukas Rix and Mark Kanitz happened in Wayne, Nebraska. Because, although there’s no little house on the prairie or wagon train stretching westward, it couldn’t have happened anywhere else.
SEATTLE — Recent mass shootings have spurred Congress to try to improve the nation's gun background check system, which has failed on numerous occasions to keep weapons out of the hands of dangerous people.
The problem with the legislation, experts say, is that it only works if federal agencies, the military, states, courts and local law enforcement do a better job of sharing information with the background check system — and they have a poor track record in doing so. Some of the nation's most horrific mass shootings have revealed major holes in the database reporting system, including massacres at Virginia Tech in 2007 and at a Texas church last year.
Despite the failures, many states still aren't meeting key benchmarks with their background check reporting that enable them to receive federal grants similar to what's being proposed in the current legislation.
"It's a completely haphazard system — sometimes it works; sometimes it doesn't," said Georgetown University law professor Larry Gostin. "When you're talking about school children's lives, rolling the dice isn't good enough."
In theory, the FBI's background check database, tapped by gun dealers during a sale, should have a definitive list of people who are prohibited from having guns — people who have been convicted of crimes, committed to mental institutions, received dishonorable discharges or are addicted to drugs.
But in practice, the database is incomplete.
It's up to local police, sheriff's offices, the military, federal and state courts, Indian tribes and in some places, hospitals and treatment providers, to send criminal or mental health records to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System, or NICS, but some don't always do so, or they may not send them in a timely fashion.
Experts said some agencies don't know what to send, states often lack funds needed to ensure someone handles the data, no system of audits exists to find out who's not reporting and some states lack the political will to set up a functioning and efficient reporting process.
"The system is riddled with opportunities for human error," said Kristin Brown, co-president of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.
A proposal in Congress seeks to establish a structured system for federal agencies to send records to the NICS database. Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, says the legislation — often referred to as "Fix NICS" — will save lives.
"We should start with what's achievable and what will actually save lives, and that describes the 'Fix NICS' bill. It will help prevent dangerous individuals with criminal convictions and a history of mental illness from buying firearms," Cornyn said.
Often left out of the debate in Washington is the fact that similar legislation passed after the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre, but many records still are not being sent to the database.
The Justice Department even set up a new grant program that offered states help with their reporting system, but many didn't even bother to apply. In 2016, only 19 states and one tribe received funds totaling $15 million. The number of states currently participating is 31.
Several states aren't eligible for the grant because they haven't set up a system that allows a person who was prohibited from having a gun because of mental health issues get their rights restored. The National Rifle Association has long pushed for those types of restoration requirements, Brown said.
Important mental health records that would have kept Seung-Hui Cho from getting the guns he used to kill 32 people at Virginia Tech never were entered into NICS. The gunman who killed dozens at a Texas church in November was able to purchase weapons because the Air Force didn't send his domestic-violence conviction to the database.
And the father of a teenager who killed himself and four classmates at a Washington state high school in 2014 was able to purchase several guns, including the one his son used, because the Tulalip Tribal Court had not shared his domestic-violence protection order with Marysville, Washington, authorities, who would have sent it to the background check system.
Since then, the tribe received a $333,841 grant to help improve its criminal records reporting.
The man who walked into a Carson City, Nevada, IHOP restaurant with an assault weapon in 2011 and killed four people had a history of mental illness, had been diagnosed with schizophrenia and had been taken into custody by police in California under the state's involuntary commitment law. But under federal law, people are prohibited from having a firearm only if they have been "adjudicated as a mental defective" or committed to a mental institution.
The federal law doesn't include involuntary commitments.
Carson City Sheriff Ken Furlong, who handled the IHOP mass shooting, said the biggest roadblock to creating a comprehensive NICS system is privacy concerns. Some are afraid that if they report their family members, they'll be arrested, he said, and agencies feel stifled by privacy laws.
"When someone is in crisis, why are we waiting to respond?" Furlong asked. "We have a public safety responsibility to prevent something from happening before we have to use force."
The federal legislation being considered in Congress might help ensure more criminal records reach the background check database, but it has limitations because Congress can't force states to enact laws. And it doesn't address gaps in mental health commitment reporting, Gostin said.
"Because mental health records are critical to the integrity of the system," he said, "the bill leaves a significant gap."
The stubborn flu — which has been hanging around weeks longer than in normal years — appears to be loosening its grip.
Flu numbers in Nebraska continue to drop, though very slowly, giving the state's epidemiologist “some degree of optimism.”
But the flu hasn’t retreated entirely, so many people "will wake up Monday morning and feel like they've been hit by a truck,” said Dr. Tom Safranek, offering his persistent advice to wash your hands, cough into your sleeve and stay away from sick people.
For several weeks in late February, Nebraska and Lincoln appeared to be at the epicenter of the nationwide flu epidemic, based on data collected by two private companies.
Nebraska was tied with Iowa and Missouri for sickest state in the country, with about 5.4 percent of the population — roughly 100,000 people — experiencing flu-like symptoms on the week ending Feb. 24, based on the data from Kinsa, a company that sells smart thermometers and tracks data from people using those thermometers.
And Lincoln was the sickest city in the state that week, with 5.5 percent of the population experiencing flu-like symptoms, according to the Kinsa data.
Nebraska and Lincoln were also ranked at the top nationally for flu activity for the week ending March 3, under the Walgreens Flu Index.
That index is compiled using weekly retail prescription data for antiviral medications used to treat influenza.
Lincoln and Hastings-Kearney, as a region, were listed No. 1 in the top 10 communities nationally for flu activity. And Nebraska was the No. 1 state, followed by Oklahoma and Wyoming in the Walgreens report.
Safranek cautioned about the studies.
The companies haven’t articulated their methodologies or market penetration, he said. This might be just a “bit of a publicity grab by non-professionals who don’t do this for a living."
Nebraska’s rise to the top in the Kinsa report came at a time when flu numbers nationally were starting to drop.
The Kinsa report uses data from more than 1 million smart-thermometer users. This data tracks the spread of influenza-like illnesses, according to the company.
The data includes the temperature, pulled automatically from the smart thermometers, and other information on symptoms supplied by users, according a company spokeswoman.
The Walgreens index does not measure actual levels or severity of flu activity. It provides information about which cities or regions are experiencing the most incidence of influenza each week.
Safranek said he invited the president of Kinsa to meetings where national experts look for better ways to track the flu. “He said he would welcome the opportunity.”
In Nebraska, flu activity is still fairly high. But there's been a fairly dramatic drop in influenza A and a slow drop in influenza B, Safranek said.
“For us (epidemiologists) that means something. B is not as virulent. It doesn’t make you as sick. It doesn’t get you into the hospital as often or cause fatalities as often."
But the sickened person still feels bad. And both versions of the flu are treated by Tamaflu, he said.
Tim Timmons, with the Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Department, isn’t ready to say the county's flu activity has peaked.
Doctor-visit rates, positivity rates and hospitalization rates were down for the week ending March 3. But Timmons said he wants to have two weeks of decline before pointing to a peak.
“I have to believe we are starting on a decline, but we don’t have good numbers yet."